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Case Report


Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report

Biswa Ranjan Jena, Ramesh Chandra Patra, Ritu Gupta, Aishwarya Dash.

Abstract
Although toad intoxication and snake envenomations are two common toxicities reported in animals, the incidence of having exposed to both the toxic insults simultaneously is unusual and rarely reported. A 6 years old German shepherd dog was presented with a complaint of frothy salivation, vomiting, bloody urination along with the history of both viper snake envenomation and marine toad intoxication. Physical examination revealed ulcers on the tongue epithelium, fang marks on the left forepaw, hyperaemic oral and conjunctival mucus membrane. Clotting time was increased and ventricular tachycardia was evidenced in ECG. Alterations in haemato-biochemical parameters like haemoconcentration, leucocytosis, neutrophilia, increased hepatic and renal enzymes along with hyperkalemia were found. The oral cavity of the dog was lavaged with normal saline and then treated with polyvalent anti-snake venom along with 5% DNS, tetanus toxoid, dexamethasone, chlorpheniramine maleate and enrofloxacin parenterally. Propranolol was also administered to alleviate ventricular arrhythmia. ECG was monitored continuously which was found normal on the second day of treatment. After 7 days of treatment, the symptoms were alleviated with all the parameters within the reference range. Such type of toxicitys should be considered as critical where early recognition and appropriate therapeutic regimen will contribute to the successful recovery of the patient.

Key words: Marine toad; Russell's viper; Dog; Electrocardiogram; Propranolol; Anti-snake venom


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jena BR, Patra RC, Gupta R, Dash A, . Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. J Res Vet Sci. 2023; 1(2): 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814


Web Style

Jena BR, Patra RC, Gupta R, Dash A, . Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. https://www.scopub.com/jrvs/?mno=163262 [Access: January 06, 2024]. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jena BR, Patra RC, Gupta R, Dash A, . Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. J Res Vet Sci. 2023; 1(2): 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jena BR, Patra RC, Gupta R, Dash A, . Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. J Res Vet Sci. (2023), [cited January 06, 2024]; 1(2): 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



Harvard Style

Jena, B. R., Patra, R. C., Gupta, R., Dash, A. & (2023) Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. J Res Vet Sci, 1 (2), 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



Turabian Style

Jena, Biswa Ranjan, Ramesh Chandra Patra, Ritu Gupta, Aishwarya Dash, and . 2023. Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences, 1 (2), 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



Chicago Style

Jena, Biswa Ranjan, Ramesh Chandra Patra, Ritu Gupta, Aishwarya Dash, and . "Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report." Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences 1 (2023), 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jena, Biswa Ranjan, Ramesh Chandra Patra, Ritu Gupta, Aishwarya Dash, and . "Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report." Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences 1.2 (2023), 72-77. Print. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jena, B. R., Patra, R. C., Gupta, R., Dash, A. & (2023) Therapeutic management of marine toad toxicities with snake bite in a German shepherd dog; a case report. Journal of Research in Veterinary Sciences, 1 (2), 72-77. doi:10.5455/JRVS.20230801061814